DEFINICIÓN FLUJO MULTIFÁSICO Y APLICACIONES .. Hasta ahora, se han diseñado tuberías capaces de manejar flujos multifásicos pero no se sabe con. Resumen. Durante los últimos 60 años numerosos autores se han dedicado al estudio del comportamiento de flujo multifásico en tuberías. Grupo i no considera resbalamiento entre las fases. Flujo multifasico tuberias horizontales download as powerpoint presentation. Flujo multifasico tuberias.

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Factors Contributing to Petroleum Foaming, 2. For the case of gas-liquid systems, according to Shohamdifferent flow patterns can exist, in the case of segregated flow. P oesioP.

Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 83 A4: On the other hand, unsteady state models have to calculate the outflow in the pipe. Dukler, “A model for predicting flow regime transitions in horizontal and near horizontal gas-liquid flow,” AIChE Journalvol.

S hohamO. For that reason, conservative equations are applied to the mixture as a homogeneous model [38] with a slippage. Two of the most used methods are Newton iteration [54] multtifasico pressure correction scheme [46],[57].

Some mechanistic models for deviated wells were presented by [15],[16],[17] and [18]. The evaluated conditions correspond to 8. The most relevant results of the experimental study were: Z hangH.

The flow pattern map for deviated wells is similar to the vertical one. Different flow pattern maps for different angle inclination was used by [54]: In the following sections the drift flux model and the two fluid model are explained. The stability of each system was determined using the half-life time of the foam, which corresponds to the time at which the column height is half the original foam height.


Neither Morales-Ruiz et al. Ghalambor, Petroleum Production Engineering. Finally, the energy conservative equation in terms of enthalpy is presented in 7 [38].

B annwartA. Part of this gas is dispersed as foam and the rest flows as a separate phase generating different flow patterns in the pipelines. In horizontal flow, flow pattern can change from stratified flow to f,ujo flow when slip velocity is greater than a critical value, this instability is known as Kelvin-Helmholtz KH.

flujo multifasico en tuberias horizontales pdf

The large scale models are chronologically classified[2] as: A general equation that shows sources of the pressure drop in steady state is written in 1. Likewise, the two fluid model can get better results for simulation with changing conditions than the drift flux model. It means that two gas momentum equations should be solved, specially, in three dimensional analysis. A formulation of the drift flux approach and the drag coefficient approach was presented to calculate the interfacial momentum transfer in the momentum conservation equation for an IAT approach in [60].

A comparison of 16 correlations 3 for horizontal flow was made against pressure drop data [27]. World Petroleum Congress,pp. For two-phase flow, it is necessary to consider operational variables as: These zones are identified in Figure Foamability increases with the increment of the gas and liquid flow rates, while foam stability tends to decrease when the liquid flow rate increases and the gas flow rate decreases.

Characteristics of the foam emulsion. Flow patterns Three different flow patterns were obtained, namely annular flow, slug flow and stratified wavy flow, depending on the gas-liquid ratio used in the test. How to cite this article. Nicklin, “Two-phase bubble flow,” Chemical Engineering Sciencevol. S hresthaL. In a two fluid model, a set of conservative equations is used for each fluid phase. This equation needs an additional closure relation to determine the velocity difference for the groups, a drift flux model can be used for that purpose [58].


The length diameter ratios for the different sections are as indicated in Table 1. Espinosa-Paredes, “Two-fluid model for transient analysis of slug flow in oil wells,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flowvol. The most common large scale models are homogeneous, drift-flux and two-fluid models.

Belandria studied the effect of solids in non-aqueous foam with mineral oil viscosity up to 0. Li, “A two-phase, two-component model for vertical upward gas-liquid annular flow,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flowvol.


These figures show tubegias foam evolution with time. Kang, “Development of a fast transient simulator for gas-liquid two-phase flow in pipes,” Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineeringvol. Froth flow is calculated as an interpolation of dispersed bubble flow and annular mist or slug flow and annular mist, this solves discontinuity problems caused by transitions between flow patterns. Pressure Drop Measurement and Prediction. There is not a method to predict properly wellbore performance in all cases.

The works found in the literature use data from laboratories and real fields to develop the models presented.

Some examples of works in this period are [13],[14] and [8].