Information System on International Labour Standards. C – Forced Labour Convention, (No. 29). Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour. Publication year: Categories: Slavery, Slavery-Like Practices & Forced Labour, Traffic in Persons Sources: ILO Types: Norms and standards. Regions. Title, Forced Labour Convention, C29 Citation / Document Symbol, C29 Labour Organization (ILO), Forced Labour Convention, C29, 28 June , C29, .

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Protocol to ILO Convention NO. 29: A Step Forward for International Labour Standards

C – Forced Labour Convention, No. Despite the close relationship between forced labour and human trafficking, countries have historically emphasized the eradication of trafficking in general, and sex trafficking in particular. The Protocol entered into force on 9 November This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat In Lzbourthe tripartite meeting of experts took place in Geneva. Even though the US has not ratified Convention 29, [xlv] the US is supportive of the Protocol, and the need to shift the focus away from sexual exploitation to broader forms of trafficking and forced labour.

Helpfully, the US—as indicated by its actions leading up to and during the adoption of the Protocol, along forcex its reporting on forced labour and human trafficking—appears to be altering its focus.

Forcdd decades of international effort to eradicate forced labour, it remains a pervasive worldwide c02. Brazil has an estimated , enslaved persons. As a non-binding recommendation, [xlii] these measures constitute a range of suggested policies and practices aimed at helping States build out effective forced labour prevention programs. Furthermore, there is the potential for the US to lead on the eradication of forced labour with its continued emphasis in its Trafficking in Persons and Human Rights Country reports on broader forms of forced labour lzbour from sex trafficking.

In addition to its support for the protocol during discussions at the ILO, the US Government has been monitoring and reporting on trafficking and forced labour. As such, there is potentially greater consensus among countries, and even support rather than opposition from the business community, to embrace reinvigorated standards.

The annual reports that Members which ratify this Convention agree to make to the International Labour Office, pursuant to the provisions of Article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation, on the measures they have taken to give effect to the provisions of this Convention, shall contain as full information as possible, in respect of each territory concerned, regarding the extent to which recourse has been had to forced conveniton compulsory labour in that territory, the purposes for which it has been employed, the sickness firced death rates, hours of work, methods of payment of wages and rates of wages, and any other relevant information.


She thanked the Office for its excellent work leading to that moment.

The Protocol is also innovative because it does not establish a one-size-fits-all substantive prescription for eradicating forced labour, but instead requires countries to engage in establishing their own plans for eradicating forced labour. Views Read Edit View history.

In addition to enforcement, there is an emphasis on prevention, identification, and treatment of the root causes of forced labour.

Convention C – Forced Labour Convention, (No. 29)

On 14 MayNiger became the first state to ratify the Protocol. The Convention was a relevant and vital tool in the fight against forced labour. Instead, the Protocol is meant to enhance efforts to eliminate forced labour by addressing numerous implementation gaps in forced labour Convention No. Ina protocol was adopted by the International Labour Conference: Officials of the administration, even when they have the duty of encouraging the populations under their charge to engage in some form of labour, shall not put constraint upon the said populations or upon any individual members thereof to work for private individuals, companies or associations.

Canada ratified it in and as of the United States has not ratified it. Forced labour is an abhorrent practice and a severe human rights violation.

ILO adopts new Protocol to tackle modern forms of forced labour – Dismantle Corporate Power

As the ILO notes, there are types of forced labour that may not be considered a form of human trafficking, such as forced prison labour and some instances of bonded labour. She also thanked her colleagues in the room — Workers, Employers and Governments. Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to forced or compulsory labour, which is included in the first item on the agenda of the Session, and. The Convention was adopted donvention Geneva 28 June and came into force on 1 May As with any treaty, what will ultimately give the Protocol value and meaning is proper implementation and enforcement.

While the ILO has tried to focus equally on the two challenges when examining State compliance with Convention 29, [xliii] countries have not responded with such equal measure, as they tend to focus on sex trafficking, as noted above. It was influenced by analysis of the real challenges of eradicating forced labour, and in particular, enforcement problems.


Retrieved 4 March He shall likewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the Organisation.

See also Ratifications by country Submissions to competent authorities by country. Forced Labour Convention No. In addition to these conventions, a range of other ILO Conventions, Recommendations, and Declarations are aimed at buttressing the abolition of forced labour. Measures shall also be taken to ensure that the regulations are brought to the knowledge of persons from whom such labour is exacted.

Article 11 of the Convention states that forced or compulsory labour may be imposed only upon “adult able-bodied males who are of an apparent age of not less than 18 and not more than 45 years”.

Part II identifies the implementation gaps and protocol provisions to address the gaps. Compendium of court decisions. The Convention defines forced labour as “all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the oabour person has not offered himself voluntarily”, with few exceptions like compulsorly military firced. Part I provides background information on forced labour fkrced on Convention No. Submissions to competent authorities by country.

This support is evidenced by labuor US voting in favor of adopting the Protocol, [xlvi] and the Protocol language it supported during the drafting stage. Inthe International Labour Conference adopted Convention to enhance Convention 29 by requiring the immediate eradication of forced labour in five specific cases [xvi] related to State economic and political coercion. The Protocol represents the third ILO instrument designed to strengthen international efforts to end all forms of forced labour.

Except as otherwise labouur for in Article 10 of this Convention, any authority competent to exact forced or compulsory labour shall, before deciding to have recourse to such labour, satisfy itself As ofthe Convention has been ratified of the ILO members.