Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚皮菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.

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The word “chard” descends from the fourteenth-century French cardefrom Latin carduus meaning artichoke thistle or cardoonincluding the artichoke. Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. In Egyptian cuisinechard is commonly cooked with taro root and coriander in a light broth. In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are usually prepared with the midribs as one dish. Retrieved January 10, Domestication of plants in the old world: Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore.

Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes. Retrieved 21 May The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. The “earthy” taste of some beetroot cultivars comes from the presence of geosmin. The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable. In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish. Three subspecies are typically recognised.

In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade. Look up chard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Archived from the original PDF on It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane.


Flora of North America Editorial Committee eds. The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate.

Betacyanin in beetroot may cause red urine in people who are unable to break it down.

EPPO Global Database

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A royal decree led to the first factory devoted to sugar extraction from beetroots being opened in KunernSilesia now Konary, Poland in The Silesian sugar beet vulgars soon introduced to France where Napoleon opened schools specifically for studying the plant. Archived from the original e-book on From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Researchers have not yet answered whether beets produce geosmin themselves or whether it ciccla produced by symbiotic soil microbes living in the plant. For other uses, see Chard disambiguation. Spinach beet leaves are eaten as a vulgariz herb. Beets are a food plant for the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species. They are also pickled. The origin of the adjective “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland.

Harvesting is a continuous process, as most species of chard produce three or more crops.

Chard is one of the hardier leafy bet, with a harvest season typically lasting longer than kalespinach or baby greens. The roots of cultivated forms are dark red, white, or yellow and moderately to strongly swollen and fleshy subsp. For the album by The Bats, see Silverbeet album.

Chard, like other green leafy vegetables, has highly nutritious leaves, making it a popular component of healthy diets.

The taxonomy of the various cultivated races has a long and complicated history, they were treated at the rank of either subspeciesor convarieties or varieties. This is why red beetroots leave a purple stain. Leaf vegetables Amaranthaceae Edible plants.


An International Journal of Medicine. Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Beets are cultivated for fodder e.

Chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) – World Vegetable Center

Archived from the original on Raw beets are added to salads. The composition of different betalain pigments can vary, resulting in strains of beetroot which are yellow or other colors in addition to the familiar vvulgaris red.

Koch Cicla GroupB. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and incurved perianth, and is immersed in the swollen, hardened perianth base. Jews traditionally eat beet on Rosh Hashana New Year.

beta vulgaris cicla extract,

Cornell Garden Based Learning. Pages using Tropicos template without author names Webarchive template webcite links Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February Articles with unsourced statements from November Taxonbars with 30—34 taxon IDs.

Chard is used in traditional Swiss cuisine, however, namely in a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Betz. He also ordered that 28, hectares 69, acres be devoted to growing the new sugar beet.