Iqbal tried to invoke in the Muslims a collective ego, beyond the ego of the self, that could enable a collection of men as large as 70 million to. Allahabad Address []. Muslim leaders at Allahabad, ` Allama Iqbal defined the Muslims of India as a nation and suggested that there could be no. Allama Iqbal Address on at Allahabad. Importance In his Presidential Address, Allama labal said: ”I would like to see the Punjab.

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Indeed the first practical step that Islam took towards the realisation of a final combination of humanity was to call upon peoples possessing practically the same ethical ideal to come forward and combind.

It is, then, this mistaken separation of spiritual and temporal which has largely influenced European religious and political thought and has resulted practically in the total exclusion of Christianity from the life of European States.

Sir Malcolm Hailey and Lord Irwin were perfectly correct in their diagnosis when they told the Aligarh University that the community had failed to produce leaders. This [loss] makes it possible for individuals and groups to start allamaa careers without contributing to the general thought and activity of the community.

Allahabad Address | Muslim-Hindu situation proposed the separation of Muslim India.

So, the question for Muslims was why the decline and degeneration have set in among the Muslims. He defined the Muslims of India as a nation and suggested that there could be no possibility 11930 peace in the country unless and until they were recognized as a nation. I am perfectly sure that the scheme for a neutral Indian army, based on a federated India, will intensify Muslim patriotic feeling, and finally set at rest the suspicion, if any, of Indian Muslims joining Muslims from beyond the frontier in the event of an invasion.

If the Muslims silently agree to any such scheme, it will simply hasten their end as a political entity in India. Here his exclusive attention and focus were on the Muslim. Financial difficulties, we are told, stand in the way of separation. On the other hand, Europeans considered Islam as a private affair and thought that Islam should not guide political conditions. There were two pitfalls into which Muslim political leaders fell. I have already indicated to you the meaning of the word religion, as applied to Islam.

If today you focus your vision on Islam and seek inspiration from the ever-vitalising idea embodied in it, you will be only reassembling your scattered forces, regaining your lost integrity, and thereby saving yourself from total destruction. The countries of Islam outside India are practically wholly Muslim in population. To base a constitution on the concept of a homogeneous India, or to apply to India principles dictated by British democratic sentiments, is unwittingly to prepare her for a aloama war.

However, Lord Irwin and his Government do recognise that the justification for communal electorates for majority communities would not cease unless and until by the extension of franchise their voting strength more correctly reflects their population; and further unless a two-thirds majority of the Muslim members in a provincial Council unanimously acdress to surrender the right of separate representation.


And Luther was perfectly justified in rising in revolt against this organisation; though, I think, he did not realise that in the peculiar conditions which obtained in Europe, his revolt would eventually mean the complete allama of [the] universal ethics of Jesus by the growth of a plurality of national and hence narrower systems of ethics.

The Muslims of India are differently situated. Iqbal tried to invoke in the Muslims a collective ego, beyond the ego of the self, that could enable a collection of men as large as 70 million to act as one, single body, with a flux too big to be resisted and with a personality too strong to be altered.

This centralisation of the most living portion of the Muslims of India, whose military and police service has, notwithstanding unfair treatment from the British, made the British rule possible in this country, will eventually solve the problem of India as well as of Asia.

The unity of an Indian alllama, therefore, must be sought not in the negation, but in the mutual harmony and cooperation, of the many.

Allahabad Address

It must precede the introduction of the new constitution, and must be so devised as to finally solve the communal problem. Our demand for 33 per cent must now be taken as a demand for the same proportion in the All-India Federal Assembly, exclusive of the share allotted to the Muslim states entering the Federation.

The meaning of this, however, will dawn upon you only when you have achieved a real collective ego to look at them. No doubt, the despatch goes farther than the Simon Report in recommending a sort of representative Council and a semi-representative cabinet, but it fails to treat this important Muslim province on [an] equal footing with other Indian provinces.

The first was the repudiated Lucknow Pact, which originated in a false view of Indian nationalism and deprived the Muslims of India of chances of acquiring any political power in India. He knew exactly where to draw a line between statehood and Islam. On the other, the British government in India had totally ignored the Muslim demands in the Simon Commission report.

Add to this the general economic inferiority of the Muslims, their enormous debt, especially in the Punjab, and their insufficient majorities in some of the provinces as at present constituted, and you will begin to see clearly the meaning of our anxiety to retain separate electorates.

In order to solve these problems, Allama Iqbal pointed a line of action. The rejection of the one will eventually involve the rejection of the other. Is it adddress to some inherent incapacity of our martial races, or to the slowness of the process of military training? Causes of Indian Mutiny of To this time and even later, the Muslims were aplama only for separate electorates for Muslims according to their population in any province, so that they would eventually form governments in the Muslim majority provinces.

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Experience, however, axdress that the various caste units and religious units in India have shown no inclination to sink their respective individualities in a larger whole. Due to these reasons, he expressed his thoughts in this address.

It is a very living and practical problem calculated to affect the very fabric of Islam as a system of life and conduct.

Indeed it is not an exaggeration to say that India is perhaps the only country in the world where Islam, as a people-building force, has worked at its best. In this address, Allama Iqbal gave the lucid explanation of the inner feeling of the Muslims of India.

Analyzing the , Allahabad Address, Allama Iqbal –

Such a neutral military force for the defence of India was a reality in the allahahad of Mughal rule. And since 70 millions of Muslims in single country constitute a far more valuable asset to Islam than all the countries of Muslim Asia put together, we must look at the Indian problem not only from the Muslim point of view but also from the ardress of the Indian Muslim as such.

The zllama there belong, in the language of the Quran, to the ‘people of the Book’. Next Article Fire and Forget. In point of life and civilization the Royal Commissioners find it more akin to Mesopotamia and Arabia than India. But there is indeed much more to understand from that address made by a man of profound wisdom, with 19930 vision in the history and philosophy of Islam, extensive study of or issues, and active involvement in the political process of his time.

There were many reasons which caused Muslims to think about the separate homeland and compelled to protect the rights of the Muslim.

I have given the best part of my life to a careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its culture, iwbal history and its literature. It is open to a people to modify, reinterpret or reject the foundational principles of their social structure; but it is absolutely necessary for them to see clearly what they are doing before they undertake to try a fresh experiment. She has her back towards India and face towards Central Asia.

He defined the Muslims of India as a nation and recommended there could be no possibility of peace in India without recognizing them as one. However, he still felt “hopeful”. Events seem to be tending in the direction of some sort of internal harmony. The Muslim demand for the iqval of a Muslim India within India is, therefore, perfectly justified. Iqbal was elected president of the Muslim League in at its session in Allahabadin the United Provinces as well as for the session in Lahore in